It is also machined with a single locator hole for the cut-off set screw, instead of a groove around the entire diameter of the shaft. On the other hand, some of these early rifles have been in use for many years and undoubtedly some of them have worn out several barrels. The average time to failure for all 33 receivers was 12. I have grouped them by the reported year of failure in the table. The reason these rifles are considered unsafe to fire is due to improper heat treatment when they were manufactured. The board of officers recommended that the low numbered receivers all be withdrawn from service, but the general responsible for reviewing this decision did not concur with the board's decision, and left most low numbered receivers in service until replaced by the M1 Garand in the early 1940's.
It was in its restored condition that it was returned to display and that it had a final encounter with one of its earlier owners. All original stocks will be two-crossbolt and grasping-groove S-stock design with a smooth buttplate. Unlock additional features, and fewer ads while browsing. Another important factor is the exhaustion or retirement of soft brass cartridge cases manufactured during the crisis of World War I and still being used up to 1929. The year of manufacture for serial number 509780 is 1912.
When the United States declared war on Germany in April 1917 there was a marked increase in the use of this rifle for training. Most Mark I rifles over 95% by my estimate have been stripped of their adaptive parts which mate with the Pedersen Device. . Does the re-barreling affect the value? The change in heat treating was instituted between serial number 750,00 and 800,000 at Springfield and by serial number 285,506 at Rock Island Arsenal. The 'L' will always appear stamped in the shape of an upside down '7'.
Adopted on June 19, 1903, the Springfield M1903 replaced the M1892 , and would be one of two rifles with which the United States fought World War I. This information was used in the analysis that follows. Archival Research Group The documentation discovered by at both Wash. One receiver failed at 80,000 pounds and the other two at 100,000 pounds. Receiver numbers were also recorded only at the beginning of each year, so there is no monthly serial data available. Serrated triggers ended with the start of MarkI production and resumed in 1923. On February 7, 1928 after considering all the factors the Chief of Field Service, U.
I understand that there will be individuals who will disagree with my appraisals, and the topic is open for commentary or criticism. Citing Springfield Armory's serialization chart, Mark I production began in the fall of 1918 at serial number 1034502 and ended in mid-1920 at serial number 1197834, allowing for a possible 163,332 units. Only one of the 11 receivers that failed in 1917 was made in that year. Between 1917 and 1929 three soldiers lost an eye to receiver failure, and six more had unspecified injuries consider serious. Loose parts can sometimes make cameo appearances in the usual places such as ebay, Gunbroker, classifieds or general parts for sale sites. Low Number receivers could be brittle, and might be unsafe to shoot.
But most owners will have an interest from an historical perspective, and the current relevance of their particular rifle's originality and value. Thompson who was instrumental in the development and adoption of the Model 1903 Springfield rifle; he later gained fame as the developer of the Thompson submachine gun. The serial numbers are not entirely sequential so not much help. It did occur to me that by the time this was re-barreled barrel stamped S. Auction sales aren't real values. Hatcher reports no receiver failures after 1929 suggesting there were no further receiver failures, or the military no longer recorded the problem. We do know, however, that the two rifles were serial numbers 1 and 55.
Military, especially at time when military was funded at an extremely low level. Information On M1903 Receiver Failures M1903. Indeed the Springfield Armory retains a number of serial No. But, this one is 920xxx, so that makes me feel better. There were no further receiver failures after 1929. Matthew Moss is a military historian who specializes in the history, development and use of firearms.
Let me add some interesting information on triggers. I recommend that we instruct our Ordnance establishments to no longer issue rifles with these questionable receivers, that such rifles be set aside and considered as a war reserve and the question of the ultimate replacement of the receivers be deferred. This with the fact that the '03 was being replaced as a frontline weapon by the Garand makes it likely it was more or less a rear guard issue. Ordnance Department promptly identified faulty receivers, and perhaps a number of good receivers for good measure, and destroyed them. Thanks, and have a great weekend. Or if all the low numbered rifles were withdrawn from service and replaced by high numbered rifles we would have expected up to 12 receiver failures through 1939. Most common inspector initials would be E.
Looks like you are safe and kind of indicates yours was made close to the 1918 time frame, if it is an S. I hope it was entertaining, as well. When semi-automatic rifle plans became operative, the Pedersen Device became obsolete and all but several dozen were destroyed in 1931. My training is in medicine and medical research and I specialize in epidemiology, a discipline that looks at why bad things epidemics happen to people. Can someone please post the link? The first P would have been with the original rifle that had that stock, the second P after that rifle was rebuilt.
Today, we simply call it the Pedersen Device. The documents relating to their initial transfer from Springfield Armory have not been found so it is unclear for what exact purpose they were first sent to Brig. The rifle was originally designed and manufactured at Springfield Armory in Massachusetts. The M1903, up until the United States involvement in World War I was produced by either The Springfield Armory when it was federally owned or Rock Island Arsenal and about 850,000 were produced up until that point. While it's not possible to estimate the exact number of rifles involved, up to 7,000 would have been in use by the three rifle regiments of the 1 st Marine Division, Based on the failure rates of 1917-1918 between one and two rifle receivers would have been expected to fail. Consider upgrading your membership for less than a box of bullets! While over 1 million late '03s were produced by Remington Arms from 1939 to 1941 and '03-A3s by Remington Arms and L. All rifles recalled and rechambered for.