Opposite-sex relationships gradually become less recreational and more intimate C. Symbolic representation and language b. Proximodistal from the center outward development C. Humans are born with a certain number of neurons, but most develop later as we learn. Dominique is now attending school, but she has gotten into serious trouble on multiple occasions, leading to a five-day out-of-school suspension. Visual cliff experiments suggest that infants perceive depth by the time they are able to crawl. A a common behavior that results from biological or social pressure B the presence and severity of atypical behavior C that some behaviors are more desirable than others D that individual differences in behavior may result from cognitive or social deficits 9.
A neurology B phrenology C anthropology D ethology 61. Stage 2: characterized by a desire to further one's own interests B. This was part of my college reading material for my developmental psychology class, and although it was a lot of info to take in each week, I learned a lot. Well written and approachable, anyone interested in studying human development should read this book. Iniative versus guilt -young children D.
According to Piaget, intellectual advancement occurs because of cognitive. In her developmental psychology course, Avery learned about techniques that can be used to reduce problem behavior in young children. After a few minutes, Tim takes a toy lawnmower and begins following his father, row by row. According to Vygotsky, Sally is engaging in. It happened again when he was at a friend's birthday party. Defines information-processi ng theory Gives the definition of information-processin g theory Knows that information- processing theory compares cognition to computer processes Gives an incorrect or vague definition of information-processi g theory Explains how the theory differs from Piaget's Differentiates Piaget's theory from information-processin g theory Partially differentiates Piaget's theory from information-processin g theory Does not differentiat between the two theories n e 7. In order to understand the emotions, impulses, and habits of humans over the life span, it is important to understand how those same emotions, impulses, and habits developed within Homo sapiens over the past 100,000 years.
Jenny has never seen a pear before today. Nature versus nurture-are we more affected by heredity or environment? This confirms the need for theory. Questions in the margin are directed to law enforcement, teachers, nurses, medical personnel, psychiatrists, judges, public servants of all sorts, etc. Cognitive declines are likely to continue. Growing awarenesss of one's own mental processes develops-metacognition Adolescent development relates to many important societal problems, such as suicide, teen pregnancy, and eating disorders. Jason learned that emotions affect performance.
A humanism and cognitive theory B behaviorism and sociocultural theory C psychoanalytic theory and behaviorism D cognitive theory and sociocultural theory 13. The stages imply a rigidity of development that may not exist. A younger B admired C powerful D nurturing 44. Which of the following neuroimaging techniques is almost impossible to use with children? The School Years: Biosocial Development — A Healthy Time — — Size and Shape — — Physical Activity — — Chronic Illness — Brain Development — — Advances in Brain Functioning — — Measuring the Mind — Children with Special Needs — — A Case to Study: Billy: Dynamo or Dynamite? The content is nice, but the print job was not well done for such an expensive book that was purchases brand new. Carson believes that human impulses need to be reorganized before they can be guided.
Sally's mom tells her that the animal is a cat. Skinner is associated with operant conditioning. Kathleen Stassen Berger's The Developing Person Through the Life Span is a perennial bestseller instructors depend upon for an authoritative portrait of the field. Late Adulthood: Psychosocial Development — Theories of Late Adulthood — — Self Theories — — Issues and Applications: Thinking Positively — — Stratification Theories — — A Case to Study: Doing Just Fine? Cognitive changes vary significantly with some people showing declines and others not. A only described development in childhood B believed that adult problems reflect childhood conflicts C emphasized family and culture in his stages D leaned toward the behaviorist perspective 24. Maggie works is a child-care teacher who works primarily with toddlers. Variations within and between people make it difficult to know what someone is thinking via brain scans.
Whose traits are likely to be selected for future generations in order to meet the evolutionary goals of humans? Forget reading it while walking or on the crowded Metro on the way to class. A psychoanalytic theory B cognitive theory C behaviorism D information-processing theory 77. How does this theory different from Piaget's theory of cognitive development? Erikson's stages of psychosocial development apply specifically to the childhood years. A It is best to start to toilet-train children before they turn 1 year old. It can differentiate active brains from sleeping brains and brain states that are half-awake, or dreaming. Theories of Development — What Theories Do — Grand Theories — — Psychoanalytic Theory — — Behaviorism — — Thinking Like a Scientist: What's a Mother For? Senile dementia and Alzheimer's disease are two disorders that may develop.
Vygotsky asserted that each person develops with the guidance of more skilled members of the society, who are tutors or mentors in a n in thinking. It depends on light rather than magnetic charge. A comprehensive, enduring, and widely applied B comprehensive, well developed, and universally correct C enduring, widely applied, and universally correct D comprehensive, widely applied, and unchallenged 14. Your textbook describes seven techniques used by neuroscientists to understand brain function. Anyone with such a fortunate genetic inheritance has a better chance than those without that gene to survive, mate, and bear many children—half of whom would inherit genes for the desirable trait.
A greater sense of independence develops as peer relationships begin to become more important. Explains social learning theory States that the theory is an offshoot of behaviorism and how everyone learns by observation and imitation States that everyone learns through observation and imitation Is vague about the definition of social learning theory Describes modeling Clearly describes how modeling is implicit in social learning Describes imitation but not modeling Fails to describe modeling Gives reasons why a model is likely to be copied Lists at least three of the four reasons Lists two of the four reasons Lists one or none of the reasons 5. Identity versus role confusion -adolescents F. That is, the woman should be able to choose whether she breast-feeds her infant. According to Piaget, humans seek cognitive , or a state of mental balance. Different theories and diverse parental practices are associated with toilet training. The process of selective adaption works as follows: If one person happens to have a trait that makes survival more likely, the gene or combination of genes responsible for that trait is passed on to the next generation if that person lives long enough to reproduce.
Explains the advice that each therapist would offer Accurately explains how each therapist would advise Maggie on toilet training Accurately explains how two therapists would advise Maggie on toilet training Does not explain how any therapist would advise on toilet training or provides incorrect information 11. Cephalocaudal head to tail development 2. Sally is helping her mom make a cake. Doing original research in this area is difficult, so most of the research is about application. B Using reinforcements for toilet training works for all children.