On the other hand, about a third of the African-American population was trapped in inner-city slums. . Some social trends and movements rooted in the 1960s survived and grew but millions of young people turned from public to private concerns that easily became self-centered materialism. In 1980 Republican candidate Ronald Reagan benefited from Carter's deficiencies, growing public conservatism, and general concern about a perceived loss of American prestige in the world. The Bush administration compiled a mixed record on education and the environment as it failed to act decisively.
The extra violence mars the Democratic Party. In the Middle East, Carter's efforts led to the signing of a formal peace treaty between Israel and Egypt, but his sheltering of Iran's shah led to a lengthy hostage crisis that nearly crippled the Carter administration. The result was a severe recession. President Bill Clinton and Vice President Gore were leaders of the New Democratic Coalition, a group of moderates who ssought to dispel the image of the Democrats as ultraliberals. I'd be surprised if these days your teacher didn't supply you with an online version of the textbook but you should be able to find chapter outlines online at several sites.
Clinton pushed his anticrime bill and his welfare reform bill even as his personal popularity declined; his critics attacked his character and what they called his over-readiness to compromise. The Supreme Court had recognized women's constitutional right to abortion in 1973. Operation Desert Storm, the Gulf War, was brief, and while it drove Iraq out of Kuwait, it left in power Iraqi leader Saddam Hussein. The federal deficit also increased as spending exceeded revenues. The pivotal year of 1968 riots, rebellion, assassinations, along with political and economic change. Thanks to the civil-rights movement, millions of African-Americans were able to experience significant upward mobility, yet about a third of the African-American population was trapped in inner-city slums.
Some you might have to pay for but often not - punch in Study Guide for that textbook as well as Chapter Outlines. Use these sets to get you prepared for the big test! In foreign affairs progress was made toward new arms-control agreements with the Soviet Union. President Bush abandoned the policy of financing the anti-Sandinista war in Nicaragua, and the Sandinistas left office after an electoral defeat in 1990. Other groups grappled with economic worries and struggles to move up the ladder. After an arms reduction agreement concluded with Soviet leader Mikhail Gorbachev, Reagan made a historic visit to Moscow in 1988 in an atmosphere of unprecedented warmth.
Only you and the people listed below can view or edit. The midterm elections of 1994 showed the results of growing anger by the electorate about social and cultural problems such as abortion, pornography, crime, family breakdown, welfare programs, and immigration. To counter rising inflation, he cut federal spending and the Federal Reserve Board raised the discount rate. The immediate problem of inflation was met by a still higher discount rate. The sexual revolution made premarital sex okay, mostly since pregnancy was no longer a problem and neither was abortion. The major domestic issues of Clinton's second term were campaign finance reform, the federal budget deficit, and control of tobacco.
Congress voted dramatic cuts in the income tax. A conservative backlash that had also begun in the 1960s continued to gains strength. Conservative activists prevented the passage of an Equal Rights Amendment, and there was a revival of religion and spiritual questioning. After a period of confrontation, we are entering an era of negotiation. Welfare reform soon rose to the top of the agenda. Clinton had earlier pledged to reform the welfare system, and in 1996 a new law reversed a sixty-year-old federal policy, giving block grants to the states to develop their own policies within rules that limited total benefits. In 1974 Gerald Ford assumed the presidency.
Gay and lesbian rights groups demanded the repeal of anti-gay legislation. On the domestic front, the economic glow of the 1980s gave way before a collapse in the savings-and-loan industry, a growing recession, and increasing hard times in the inner cities. The two leaders who suffered murder were Martin Luther King Jr. The United States accepted the decision of the Philippine government to end the U. A heightened sense of Native American pride promoted economic development of the reservations. After South Africa opened negotiations with Nelson Mandela and the African National Congress, Bush ended economic sanctions against that nation.
In addition to the cost, conservatives believed that the system undermined the work ethic. He placed limited arms limitations and peaceful negotiations with foreign powers. Immigration after the 1960s brought increasing numbers from Latin America and Asia. Divorce rates increased as well. But high interest rates brought severe recession and a more expensive dollar that reduced exports and increased the trade deficit. President Bush abandoned the policy of financing the anti-Sandinista war in Nicaragua, and the Sandinistas left office after an electoral defeat in 1990.
In 1976 Democrat Jimmy Carter was elected president by a narrow margin. Many states had outlawed sex discrimination in hiring, and an Equal Rights Amendment was nearly added to the Constitution. One permanent legacy of the 1960s was a revitalized women's movement. The Federal Reserve Board pushed the discount rate ever higher. The Supreme Court had recognized women's constitutional right to abortion in 1973 and many states had outlawed sex discrimination in hiring. With the Cold War over, Bush signed a nuclear reduction treaty with Russian President Mikhail Gorbachev in 1991, and reassessed U.
Be sure to include which edition of the textbook you are using! The Tet Offensive was a blow to Communism, but the heavy casualties made Americans more antiwar. Only you can view and edit. The population of the South and West grew, and the median age of Americans increased as the baby boom generation aged. It was nevertheless drawn into the turmoil involving Israel, Lebanon, and the Palestine Liberation Organization. Students take over buildings and strike at Columbia University. Clinton preferred domestic issues to foreign policy, and the Republicans similarly turned inwards. Ross Perot attracted many votes in his own right, and Bush was defeated in a three-way race by Democrat Bill Clinton.