One gram of carbohydrate yields 4 kilocalories; 15 grams would provide 60 kilocalories. The recommendation is for adults to have 20% to 35% of kilocalories from fat. Round steak, pork tenderloin, and cottage cheese each contain 3 grams of fat and are considered lean-meat fat exchanges. An energy intake greater than output would result in weight gain, not diabetes. Metabolism is a term that refers to the sum of all physical and chemical changes that take place in the body.
Insufficient niacin intake is associated with symptoms such as canker sores, depression, fatigue, indigestion, weakness, skin problems, and inflammation. Lean can be used on meat, poultry, seafood, or game meat products only if the product contains less than 10 grams of fat, less than 4. Coconut oil is high in saturated fatty acids. Term What drugs cause impairment of salivary flow, causing dry mouth, along with a sour metallic taste Definition Drugs such as Tricyclic antidepressant amitriptyline Elavil. Corned beef contains 5 grams of fat. Persons at risk of developing beri-beri include those who abuse alcohol, persons on dialysis, and those taking high doses of diuretics as well as infants breastfed by mothers who lack sufficient thiamine.
Adaptive thermogenesis is a process through which energy expenditure adapts to large increases or decreases in food intake over several days. Fat-free labeling means that the food contains no more than 0. Along with the above-mentioned foods, cod liver oil is a potent source of vitamin D and some orange juice, soy, and rice beverages are fortified with vitamin D. Complete is not a term used when referring to all types of fat. Chicken with skin, pork chops, and mozzarella cheese each contain 5 grams of fat and are considered medium-fat meat exchanges.
Corn oil is high in polyunsaturated fatty acids. In addition, the introduction of low-cost vegetable oils from industrialized countries greatly increases the amount of fat in the average diet. Please check the description and the free sample on this page to get an idea of the item being offered. Avocado is part of the fat exchange list. Vitamins are nutrients, which are chemical substances required by the body. The nurse determines that this soup contains how many kilocalories? Males have more protein than females because of increased muscle. It presents most commonly in persons age 50 and older and among women.
Currently it is recommended that individuals limit trans fats as much as possible in the diet because they are not essential and may be linked to increasing the risk of cardiovascular disease. Ingesting too much or too little of a nutrient can lead to malnutrition. Ideally, a person should consume a diet marked by balance, moderation, and variety. Alcohol is not considered a nutrient. These questions come directly from the ends of each chapter within the book presented in an online format for students to reinforce the key concepts taught. While the disorder may be debilitating, it is not life threatening.
The answers to the Crossword Puzzles are made up of nutrition and diet therapy terms. Enzymes break down food and convert it to other forms. Nutrients perform one or more of the following functions: Serve as a source of energy or heat; support the growth and maintenance of tissue; aid in the regulation of basic body processes. D Along with the above-mentioned characteristics, successful dieters monitor their weight, practice portion control, increase physical activity, and aim for healthy realistic weight loss ranging from 10% to 20% of initial bodyweight in a year. It also is a free radical scavenger and is metabolized to ubiquinol, which prolongs the antioxidant effect of vitamin E. A nonessential nutrient is one that is not needed in the diet because the body can make it from other substances. In order to plan and provide appropriate interventions, information must be obtained first as baseline data.
Each gram of fat contains 9 kilocalories. Information can come from different sources such as interview with the patient or immediate family, looking over the existing records and physical exam. Fatty acids vary in terms of composition. Feedback is often provided on answers given by students, containing page references to the book. Fats contribute to the sensations of fullness and satisfaction after eating. Term The two members of the healthcare team who work closely to monitor drug-nutrient interactions are: Definition the clinical dietitian and the pharmacologist.
Building muscle strength is a benefit of anaerobic exercise. Alcohol supplies 7 kilocalories per gram. Individuals are encouraged to replace saturated fatty acids with monounsaturated and polyunsaturated fatty acids. Linolenic acid is one of the essential fatty acids but not an omega-6 fatty acid. All nutrients perform one or more of the following life-sustaining functions: serving as a source of energy or heat, supporting the growth and maintenance of tissue, and aiding in the regulation of basic body processes.
Dietary guidelines focus on healthy individuals aged 2 years and older. The clinic nurse is responsible for instructing the client. Term Tests used to measure immune system integrity include: Definition lymphocyte count. Fatty acids vary in their degree of saturation. To determine the percent of kilocalories derived from fat, multiply the number of grams of fat per serving by 9 and divide this number by 150 kcal and then multiply the result by 100. Term In critically ill patients with major trauma, sepsis, and inflammation, nitrogen balance is likely to be: Definition negative Term A patient who has had a gastrectomy should be fed using: Definition tube feeding via jejunostomy. Other classes include carbohydrates, proteins, vitamins, minerals, and water.
Minerals do not provide kilocalories. Term People at high risk for drug-nutrient interactions include: Definition older men and women Term Drugs that may cause weight gain include: Definition steroids. C Long-term inadequate intake of calcium is associated with low bone mass, rapid bone loss, and high risk of fracture. A phytochemical is a food containing other physiologically active substances derived from plants. The date of your exam is fast approaching and devising a plan to review all the information in your textbook is a daunting task.